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Motor Coach Safety Review summary


The purpose of the review was to evaluate B.C. motor coach safety trends, to review provincial legislation and regulations and to identify best practices in other jurisdictions.

Definition of a motor coach

For the purposes of this study, motor coaches include larger buses commonly identified as Over the-Road-Buses with an elevated seating area over the luggage storage, which typically seat more than 30 passengers. School buses, shuttle buses and transit buses, intended for a different use with different licensing standards, are outside the scope of this review.

Industry consultation

The motor coach industry was contacted to have discussions regarding available statistical collision data, to identify the opportunities and challenges each of the members face in the industry, identify the specific interest topics in the industry (i.e. seatbelts, technology) and to use that industry input to assist in the preparation of the report.

An industry workshop was held on Jan. 20, 2016. The intent was to identify each of the attending groups’ successes and the challenges the operators face in the industry. Of the 28 motor coach operator members invited, 13 attended, representing a range of stakeholders, including the B.C. Trucking Association (BCTA) and ICBC.

Future opportunities identified

As part of this report, a review of standards and emerging best practices in North America and throughout the world was undertaken. Transport Canada, the Canadian Council of Motor Coach Administrators (CCMTA) and the provinces are aware of these best practices and have either begun the process to consider incorporating them into federal and provincial laws or are monitoring emerging practices to determine if they should be considered in Canada.

Best practices noted include:

Electronic Logging Devices - This electronic device enables professional truck drivers and commercial motor carriers to easily track hours of service compliance. Transport Canada has announced its intention to introduce Electronic Logging Device regulation, with implementation anticipated in late 2017, early 2018. This regulation is in line with United States implementation and would cover cross-border and inter-provincial travel.

Passenger Seatbelts - Various agencies have conducted testing on seatbelts, which prove that three point or lap/torso belts, when worn properly, significantly reduce the severity of injuries. In the United States, all new motor coaches manufactured must have passenger seatbelts as a standard feature. Transport Canada is considering a similar requirement for new buses in Canada.

Electronic Stability Control (ESC) –ESC is a crash avoidance system found on many recent vehicles. ESC will help drivers stay in control of their vehicles if there is a need to swerve or brake suddenly to avoid an obstacle. In 2015, the United States National Traffic Safety Administration released its final rule requiring electronic stability control systems for commercial trucks and motor coaches. Transport Canada has announced its intention to introduce a similar regulation with implementation anticipated in 2019.

Learn More:

To read the full report, go to: