Media Contacts

Media Relations

Government Communications and Public Engagement
Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure
250 356-8241


Significance of Secwepemc monument site

The Secwepemc have provided the following information on the Sts’xum monument: 

Sts’xum Monument is a modern day Coyote Marker to honour Secwepemc ancestors within “Secwépemc Cradle of Civilization” in the area during the Trans-Canada Highway 1 expansion. The rock sculptures were created by local Secwépemc artists.

Secwepemc History of Sts’xum (Miner’s Bluff) is ancient and pre-dates current archaeological academia. Sts’xum means “peel bark” in the Secwepemc language. The mouth of Monte Creek, a major camping area on south side of South Thompson River, is identified as a place where Saskatoon berries were picked. Early maps of the area indicate a trail along the South Thompson proceeding from Kamloops eastward to the vicinity of Monte Creek. Just east of the creek mouth, near the intersection of highways 1 and 97 this trail turned southward towards Westwold.

A pithouse depression (no longer visible) indicated the site of an ‘old Indian village’ located in an area very close to Rocky Point Bluff (removed during highway expansion) which is located on the south side of the South Thompson about two miles east of the intersection of Highways 1 and 97.

2012 Archaeological Impact Assessments indicate this site was in continuous use for over 9,500 years, and as recent as the previous generation whom travelled by horse and wagon, camping overnight at this spot with their families, on their way to Kamloops.

Chief Judy Wilson of Skat’sin (Neskonlith), former Chief Robin Billy of Adams Lake Band, Chief Wayne Christian of Splatsin, Chief Oliver Arnouse of Little Shuswap Lake Band, Councilor Rosalita Pascal of Shuswap Band, and Transportation and Infrastructure Minister Todd Stone commemorated the ancestral finds and unveiled the Sts’xum Monument with Secwepemc people and Elders on June 17, 2016.