January 22, 2020 – Victoria, BC
Today, federal, provincial and territorial (FPT) ministers responsible for justice and public safety concluded a one-day meeting to discuss key priorities of Canadians.
With several new federal and provincial government mandates, this meeting was an opportunity to build upon relationships and outline key priorities of the different jurisdictions, such as Indigenous justice issues, restorative justice, medical assistance in dying, conversion therapy, rural crime, firearms, money laundering, cannabis enforcement, human trafficking, and online child sexual exploitation.
Ministers acknowledged the Calls for Justice contained in the final report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. Ministers will continue their collaboration to reduce violence against, and victimization of, Indigenous women, girls, and LGBTQ2S persons.
Ministers also recognized that, in partnership with Indigenous Peoples, all governments have a responsibility to address overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in the justice system as both victims and offenders.
Ministers reiterated their commitment to building safer and healthier communities through the expanded use of restorative justice in the criminal justice system – an approach that seeks to repair harm and provide accountability – where and as appropriate. In 2018, ministers underscored the importance of restorative justice in addressing repeat offences and overrepresentation of Indigenous and vulnerable populations in the criminal justice system. At the time, they also committed to a goal of a 5% increase in the use of restorative justice, where possible, by 2021. With this in mind, ministers agreed to release a summary report identifying our country's existing restorative justice programs and agencies, referrals made, and concrete steps jurisdictions have taken to increase the use of restorative justice.
In light of the recent Québec Superior Court ruling on medical assistance in dying, ministers discussed the challenges of, and possible responses to, this difficult, personal, and complex issue. Ministers also affirmed their commitment to high quality hospice or palliative care. Following an update on its ongoing consultations with Canadians, the federal government reiterated its commitment to amend its medical assistance in dying legislation. Ministers affirmed their commitment to protecting vulnerable individuals and the equality rights of all Canadians.
Ministers discussed the dangerous and harmful practice of conversion therapy and support was expressed for legislative and other measures to ban this practice, including the federal government's intention to introduce amendments to the Criminal Code.
Ministers underscored the impact of rural crime and ways to reduce it, including criminal law reform and enhanced police response, so all Canadians, no matter where they live, feel safe, secure, and protected in their communities. Ministers agreed to examine the problem closely and revisit it at the next FPT meeting later this year.
Ministers were also provided with an update on federal measures to reduce gun and gang-related violence across Canada, and discussed related issues such as drug trafficking, illegal gun sales and smuggling, and border security. As part of this conversation, they acknowledged the importance of treating law-abiding firearm owners fairly and with respect.
Ministers discussed money laundering, which is a crime that can affect all Canadians by undermining the integrity of Canada's financial institutions and facilitating organized crime, gang activity, and gun smuggling. Ministers reiterated their support for a coordinated approach to better address this problem.
Ministers shared their views on the impact of the legalization of cannabis and enforcement issues, including the need for resources and tools to continue meeting the shared goals of protecting youth, eliminating illicit sales, combatting organized crime, and addressing drug-impaired driving.
Ministers discussedhuman trafficking, which disproportionately affects women and girls, particularly Indigenous women and girls. Ministers supported further work to strengthen the response to this serious problem. Following a presentation by the Canadian Centre for Child Protection, ministers affirmed their commitment to combatting online child sexual exploitation and assisting victims.
Ministers will reconvene again in the fall to further collaborate and discuss these and other issues of importance to all jurisdictions.
Prior to the FPT meeting, Hereditary Chief and Songhees Elder, Elmer Seniemten George, welcomed ministers. Ministers had a conversation with representatives from the Assembly of First Nations and the Métis Nation. Participants discussed the federal government's commitment to introduce legislation to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Ministers also received a presentation on B.C.'s Indigenous-led, co-developed Indigenous Justice Strategies.
- The meeting was co-chaired by the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, David Lametti, P.C. Q.C., M.P, the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, Bill Blair, P.C., C.O.M., M.P, the Attorney General of British Columbia, David Eby, Q.C., and the Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General of British Columbia, Mike Farnworth.
- Federal, provincial and territorial ministers responsible for justice and public safety typically meet once a year to discuss key justice and public safety issues and give direction to government officials from the various jurisdictions on new and ongoing collaborative work being conducted over the year.
"Discussions with provincial and territorial partners are critical to the advancement of issues that affect Canadians from coast to coast to coast as they enhance our ability to work in a coordinated and collaborative way. The discussions we had today were engaging, meaningful and productive, and paved the way for a stronger, more inclusive and more resilient Canada."
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
"Today's meeting was a positive and constructive start to the new year. Federal, provincial and territorial ministers take very seriously their responsibility to keep Canadians safe in the face of a broad range of threats. I look forward to continuing the essential work we advanced today and making good progress on addressing issues that are of such importance across the country."
Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
"This meeting was another opportunity for justice and public safety ministers to work together on many issues that affect the lives of Canadians. Money laundering, for example, knows no boundaries and is linked to criminal activity across the country. It is vital that we collaborate on common challenges such as this in order to promote justice and safe communities throughout Canada."
Attorney General of British Columbia
"This meeting presented an important opportunity to come together to work on the complex issues affecting public safety that confront us all, such as gun and gang violence and progress on the legalization of non-medical cannabis, to name a few. I'm pleased that British Columbia was able to host our federal, provincial and territorial colleagues, and I look forward to our continued collaboration to implement the initiatives discussed and to find lasting solutions that improve public safety and justice for all."
Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General of British Columbia
- French Translation (scics.ca)
- Principles and Guidelines for Restorative Justice Practice in Criminal Matters (2018) (scics.ca)
- Restorative Justice – Key Elements of Success (scics.ca)